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            List of years in paleontology       (table)
 1861 .  1862 .  1863 .  1864  . 1865  . 1866  . 1867 
1868 1869 1870 -1871- 1872 1873 1874
 1875 .  1876 .  1877 .  1878  . 1879  . 1880  . 1881 

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, coprolites, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1871.

DinosaursEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Danubiosaurus

Nomen dubium

Bunzel

Possible subjective synonym of Struthiosaurus.

Zatomus

Misidentification.

Edward Drinker Cope

Dubious genus of non-dinosaurian archosaur.

PlesiosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Cryptoclidus

Valid

Phillips

Rhomaleosaurus

Valid

Seeley

PterosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Diopecephalus

Jr. synonym.

Seeley

Jr. synonym of Pterodactylus.

Ornithostoma

Valid

Seeley

ReferencesEdit

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